2005-06-10 18:09:19 +00:00

122 lines
4.9 KiB

The following notes will guide you through the installation of ezmlm-web:
0 - important notes
1 - get it
2 - install executable
3 - configuration file
4 - compile cgi wrapper
5 - install cgi wrapper
6 - (optional) configure access control (http authentication)
7 - final test
0. IMPORTANT: you need the perl module Mail::Ezmlm and others to use
ezmlm-web! The file README contains the complete list of necessary
1. Get ezmlm-web and extract the archive:
tar xzf ezmlm-web-2.x.tar.gz
2. Copy ezmlm-web.cgi to some publically readable directory. It does not
have to be in a path accessible to your web server, but any user with a
mailing list must be able to run it (Check the read and execute rights
on both the file and directory). We put our copy in "/usr/local/bin".
At the top of ezmlm-web.cgi you can will probably have to change the
$ENV{'PATH'} variable. Be careful about what you set as the path. Too
much is a security risk and too little will cause the script to
malfunction. Version 2.0 requires that the following programs be
accessible in your path: mv, rm
3. Edit the ezmlmwebrc file and alter the variables to suit your
particular system.
Be careful about the $LIST_DIR variable. This script assumes that all
users store their mailing lists in the same sub directory of the home
directory (eg ~/lists). You can override this for an individual user
by recompiling the C wrapper to call ezmlm-web.cgi with a -d option.
Other configurable options are documented in the ezmlmwebrc file
itself. I have tried to keep the amount of information that you need to
supply to a minimum and also make reasonable guesses about default
Finally, copy the ezmlmwebrc file and the "lang" directory to one of
the following places:
- /etc/ezmlm
- the home directory of the user that runs ezmlm-web.cgi
- the directory, that contains your ezmlm-web.cgi file
4. Edit the index.c file and change the path to the path of your copy
of ezmlm-web.cgi. Then compile this file. You can do this by issuing
this command:
gcc -o index.cgi index.c
5. For every user/virtual host that needs to manage mailing lists, you
need to create a SUID (user not root!!) copy of index.cgi (see
chmod(1) for details). These need to reside somewhere accessible by
the web server. I suggest that you put them in a sub directory (see
about security) of each user/virtual host's home directory (eg
/home/luser/public_html/ezmlm for Apache on Redhat).
The copies don't actually have to be called index.cgi, but it is nice
for web servers that can resolve a cgi script as an index page (see the
srm.conf file in Apache). It is important to make sure that whichever
directory you choose to put them can i: Execute CGI Scripts and ii: Be
access controlled (here I mean both web and user access) by some method
(eg .htaccess, access.conf for Apache).
6. Install some method of securing access to the page. The following
information is applicable to Apache web servers ... Detailed
information on user authentication can be obtained from the Apache
documentation (http://www.apache.org) and ApacheWeek
6.1 Ensure that your Apache setup will allow .htaccess file to control
access in the directory that contains. This is controlled by the
AllowOverride tag in access.conf. (Also ensure you have the
necessary Apache modules installed)
6.2 Create a htpasswd file. This is done using the htpasswd command that
comes with Apache. Its command line syntax is;
htpasswd [-c] passwordfile username
You need to put the passwordfile somewhere that is not accessible by
people through the web, and create an entry for each user you want
to have access ... See the ApacheWeek article for more details.
6.3 Create a .htaccess file in the directory that contains index.cgi.
Note that using Apache's built in access control, you can only control
access to directories, not individual files, hence the need for a
sub-directory in step 5.
The format of the .htaccess file should be along the lines of this;
AuthName EZ Mailing List Manager
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /path/to/passwordfile
require valid-user # or require user username
Again, see the ApacheWeek article for details.
7. Test the installation through the web. You should be asked for a
username and password (supplied in 6.2) and then be presented with a
screen entitled "EZ Mailing List Manger". You can then try to create and
edit mailing lists ... Have Fun :)
If you have any problems, then you can:
- take a look at https://systemausfall.org/toolforge/ezmlm-web
- send me an email: ezmlm-web@sumpfralle.de